# Confusion on Northing and Easting values in UK

Geographic Information Systems## What are Eastings and Northings UK?

Using the National Grid. Page 1. **The vertical lines are called eastings, as they increase in value as you travel east on the map.** **The horizontal lines are called northings as they increase in value as you travel north on the map**.

## What coordinate system does the UK use?

the British National Grid

The CRS that should be used in Great Britain is the **British National Grid**. This is a planar coordinate system where the effects of earth curvature have been removed, allowing precise measurements to be made from geospatial data quoted in this system.

## How do you understand Northings and Eastings?

Eastings are the vertical lines running from the top to bottom and divide the map from west to east. Northings are the horizontal lines running left to right and divide the map from north to south.

## How do you calculate Northing and Easting coordinates?

Quote from video: *The departure is calculated by L sine theta and the latitude is calculated by L cos theta. So if you know the coordinate of point a then you can get the coordinate of easting/northing.*

## How do you read Eastings and Northings on a map?

The numbers going across the map from left to right are called eastings, and go up in value eastwards, and the numbers going up the map from bottom to top are called northings, because they go up in a northward direction.

## Are easting and northing GPS coordinates?

**Latitude/longitude, Easting/Northing, X/Y are ways we uniquely identify a position on Earth and are also called coordinates**. There are 2 coordinate systems namely geographic and projected. A geographic coordinate system uses a spherical surface and a position is identified by its latitude and longitude.

## What UTM zone is UK?

ETRS89 / UTM zone 29N (N-E)

## Why are maps UK centric?

Great Britain is in the middle of it **because of the lines of longitude and latitude** – Greenwich is at 0 degrees. Everything else is worked out from there.

## What is the most accurate coordinate system?

**State Plane Coordinate System (SPCS)**

This coordinate system is highly accurate (four times as accurate as UTM).

## Are Eastings and Northings the same as XY?

Is northing,easting the same as x,y and if so, which is which? Thanks in advance! **Yep, Y is Northing and X is Easting**. The Y axis goes north and south (northing), and the x axis goes east and west (easting).

## Is easting and northing the same as longitude and latitude?

“Easting and northing” are the standard names for the x and y coordinates in any projected (i.e. planar) coordinate system. Additionally, “latitude and longitude” are the standard names for the coordinates in any unprojected (i.e. geographic) coordinate system.

## What are Northings and Eastings measured in?

meters

Within each zone, coordinates are measured as northings and eastings in **meters**. The northing values are measured from zero at the equator in a northerly direction. Each zone has a central meridian that is assigned an easting value of 500,000 meters.

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